EEOB publications :: March 1 - March 31
Greater flowering and response to flooding in Lythrum virgatum than L. salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Kali Z. Mattingly1, Brenna N. Braasch, Stephen M. Hovick. 2023. AoB PLANTS, plad009, https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/plad009
Newly introduced trait diversity can spur rapid evolution and facilitate local adaptation in the introduced plant Lythrum salicaria. The horticultural plant L. virgatum might further introduce meaningful trait variation by escaping into established L. salicaria populations or by hybridizing with L. salicaria. Although many experiments have focused on L. salicaria genotypes, relatively little is known about L. virgatum ecology. We used a greenhouse common garden to compare traits and flood response of L. salicaria and L. virgatum collected from two sources each in their native range. We tested the hypotheses that these two wetland taxa have comparable responses to flooding (inundation), and that flood tolerance correlated to higher fitness. Flooding produced stronger stress responses in L. virgatum. Compared to L. salicaria, L. virgatum shifted more aboveground allocation away from reproduction, decreased inflorescence biomass by 40% more, and produced 7% more stem aerenchymatous phellum, a specialized tissue that maintains aeration. Despite these more pronounced responses to flooding stress, L. virgatum had higher fitness (inflorescence Accepted Manuscript biomass and reproductive allocation) than L. salicaria. Overall, L. virgatum differed from L. salicaria in functionally important ways. Lythrum virgatum persisted under flooding and produced more reproductive biomass than L. salicaria under both flooded and non-flooded conditions. However, inundation stressed L. virgatum more than L. salicaria. Lythrum virgatum is likely able to establish into the wetland habitats in which L. salicaria prevails but may possess broader habitat tolerances.
A global test of hybrid ancestry from genome-scale data
Md Rejuan Haque* and Laura Kubatko. De Gruyter Journal 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.02.24.529943
Methods based on the multi-species coalescence have been widely used in phylogenetic tree estimation using genome-scale DNA sequence data to understand the underlying evolutionary relationship between the sampled species. Evolutionary processes such as hybridization, which creates new species through interbreeding between two different species, necessitate inferring a species network instead of a species tree. A species tree is strictly bifurcating and thus fails to incorporate hybridization events which require an internal node of degree three. Hence, it is crucial to decide whether a tree or network analysis should be performed given a DNA sequence data set, a decision that is based on the presence of hybrid species in the sampled species. Although many methods have been proposed for hybridization detection, it is rare to find a technique that does so globally while considering a data generation mechanism that allows both hybridization and incomplete lineage sorting. In this paper, we consider hybridization and coalescence in a unified framework and propose a new test that can detect whether there are any hybrid species in a given set of species. We propose that based on this global test of hybridization, one can decide whether a tree or network analysis is appropriate for a given data set.